星期二, 九月 28, 2010

妈祖,一个只在宋朝活了28个春秋的年轻女子


世上有数亿的虔诚信众,数千座遍布世界各地供奉她神像的宫庙。
民间,有“妈祖平安面”“妈祖服饰”和许多以妈祖命名的事物。。
地理上,有“妈祖镜”“妈祖书库”。。以妈祖命名的地标。。
文化界,有独特的“妈祖文化”。
历代皇帝无数次褒扬,史无前例超长近70个字的诏封。
一个只在宋朝活了28个春秋的年轻女子实在是令人无不驚叹和肃然起敬。

妈祖髻和妈祖装“帆船头、海蓝裳,红黑裤子保平安。”

湄洲女的服装,上身是蓝色和红色搭配的斜襟大布衫,下面是红黑两截拼成的裤子。相传这是妈祖生前最喜欢的装束,由于妈祖常年在海上,红色的裤子被海水打湿成黑色,久而久之就演变成现在红黑的样式。 据当地人说,蓝色比喻大海,红黑分别象征吉祥与思念。

帆船头又称妈祖髻是妈祖自创的发型,妈祖为了证明自己将终身献给了大海,矢志一生行善助人,拯危扶难,济世救人,一辈子侍奉双亲不嫁的决心。

将长发梳得像船帆一样,左右各插上一支波浪形的发卡,象征船桨;盘在发笈里的红头绳,代表船上的缆绳;一根银钗横向穿过发髻代表船上的锚。 

这就是湄洲女现在最典型的装扮。





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媽祖 (韓寶儀主唱)

你咁有聽見 (韓寶儀主唱)

媽祖靈驗傳奇:

Mazu and Mazu Culture

Over 1,000 years ago, a beautiful young girl by the name of Lin Mu was born at the Xianliang Port of Meizhou Bay in Putian, Fujian Province. Clever, brave and kind-hearted, Lin Mu could forecast the weather and was happy to help fishermen in distress at sea. She encouraged the people to conquer nature and defeat evil, so she was much loved and esteemed by the people in her hometown. Unfortunately she died an early death at only 28. As the legend goes, she ascended to heaven and became an immortal at Meizhou Bay located opposite to the Xianliang Port.

For more over 1,000 years, she has been living, with a composed and tender smile, in the hearts of the people. The people pay homage to her, respectfully calling her fairy, the daughter of dragon, goddness, the mother or Mazu ( a title of respect for an aged woman): rulers of past dynasties upheld her and granted her the titles of "Lady", "Heavenly Queen" and "Holy Mother"; the times have bestowed her a series of loveable and respected names such as "Goddess of the Sea", "Goddness of the the Straits" and "Goddess of Peace of the Straits".
She is none other than the world-renowned Mazu, goddess of the sea, of Fujian, China.
The respect for Mazu has turned into a wide-spread belief with the passage of time. Following the footprints of sea merchants and overseas Chinese, Mazu went out of Putian, out of Fujian and out of China, making her presence in many corners of Asia, America, Australia and Europe. Consequently, over 1,500 Mazu temples are found all over the world, where Muzu from Meizhou are consecrated. The belief in Mazu has become a sort of transnational folk belief with more than 100 million worshippers. However, different from a religion in the ordinary sense, is a special kind of ideology connected with theology, religion, folklore, sociology as well as the history of sea commnication overseas Chinese, culture and the development of Fujian and Taiwan. This is the culture of Mazu which has aroused an extensive interest and great attention of Chinese and foreign scholars and is now under integral part of the culture of the Chinese nation and a part of the brilliant civilization of China.


In recent years, there are a number of academic groups, experts and scholars working on research of Mazu and published special works on the subject in Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao regions and in such countries as Japan, the United States, France, Singapore and Malaysia. The research on the Mazu culture has a great appeal and cohesive force to the Chinese both at home and abroad. Now the achievements in the research on the Mazu culture have become valuable material in the research on the history of navigation, science, overseas Chinese, development of off-shore islands and economic and cultural exchanges with foreign countries as well as the history of folklore and religion of ancient China.

在新加坡追寻天后圣母妈祖的足迹(Mazu @ Singapore)

以下是善信提供的资料,欢迎善信补充和指正,谢谢!

(虽然,有些地方已经消失在时间的洪流里,不复存在。大家还是希望将其记录在妈祖的足迹中。)

天福宫(Tian Hock Keng)158 Telok Ayer Street

粤海清庙 (Wak Hai Cheng Beo)30B Philip Street

海南会馆
琼州天后宫 (Hainan Hui Guan) 47 Beach Road

福州会馆 (Fu Zuo Clay Association)
21 Tyrwhitt Road

林氏大宗祠九龙堂家族自治会 239 Cantonment Road

新加坡潮州西河公会 285 River Valley Road

云峰天后庙 (Yun Feng Tian Hou Miao) 8a Ang Mo Kio Street 44

星洲金榜山亭天后宫 (Kampong San Teng Tien How Assn) 99 Sim Ming Ind Estate Sector B

保赤宫(陈氏宗祠)15 Magazine Rd

新加坡三和会馆 409 Jalan Besar

南洋莆田会馆 兴安天后宫 25 Geylang Road

木山圣母宫(Bak Sua Siah Boon Temple) 21 Bangkit Rd

圣母宫 Blk 95 Henderson Road

廣應宫 (Guang Ying Gong) Bt Purmei

金合发联谊社 (Jin He Fa Lian Yi She) Upp Hokkien Street

圣莲宫 (Sheng Lian Gong) Telok Blangah Cres

济正堂 (Ji Zeng Tang) Blk 159 Ang Mo Kio

西河别墅(Sai Ho Piat Su)777 Upp S'goon Rd

半港天后宫(Ban Kang )80 Rivervale Crescent Sengkang New Town

慈悲妈祖宫 (Ci Bei Ma Zu Gong) Blk 116 Pending Rd

后港万天府 (Wan Tian Fu) Blk 686 Hougang St 61

灵慈行宫(Ling Ci Xing Gong) 53 Truro Road

善德宫(Shun De Gong) Geylang Lor 29

天后庙 (Tian Hou Miao) Geylang Bahru

善兴坛 (Shan Xing Tan) 蔡厝港联合殿

钟头宫 (Zhong Tou Gong) 109C Hougang Ave 5


天德圣庙 (Tian De Sheng Miao)

吉山庙 (Ji Shan Miao)

紫云开吉宫 (Zi Yun Kai Ji Gong)

勇义宫 (Yong Yi Gong) 1116A Serangoon Rd

善莲堂 (Shang Lian Tang) 28 Admiralty Street

玉皇殿(Jade Emperor Temple ) Havelock Road

汕头社天后庙(Swatow Sia Mazu Temple)5 Geylang Lorong 40

新加坡宁阳会馆

林厝港阿妈宫

新加坡红灯码头电船公会

新加坡摩多船主联合会

星洲碳商公局

永春会馆

文山联谊社










网络里有很多可爱的卡通妈祖,称为Q版妈祖。这个妈祖是不是很可爱?(点击图像,有更多Q版妈祖)

妈祖论坛

新华网-妈祖在线

妈祖灵签 有求必应 心诚则灵

妈祖灵签 有求必应 心诚则灵
点击图像,网上求签。

湄州在线

白沙屯妈祖链接

妈祖城网

湄州岛

南海妈祖链接