星期一, 十月 26, 2009

楹联集萃-妈祖庙里的对联

忠信涉波涛,周历玉洲瑶岛
神明昭日月,指挥水伯天吴
(湄洲祖庙)此联为清乾隆皇帝御赐,并赐“德孚广济”匾,各天后宫多有复制。

徯我后波平苍海
酌我姑酒满金罍
(湄洲祖庙)此联为清乾隆四十六年进士林炳粦撰,故称天后为祖姑。今重刻于祖庙寝殿石柱上。

钧天钟磬张廷陛
寰海鱼龙拜冕旒
(湄洲祖庙)此联原刻在祖庙山门,切合“湄屿潮音”实景,撰人不就(以下不知作者的不再注明)

顺风天意涉川利
济险神功护国灵
宋宣和五年赐顺济庙额,故此联冠顶以“顺济”二字。 

涉海凌波,朗朗天枢占北斗
阜财解愠,洋洋水乐谱南薰
(湄洲祖庙)

后德神功,颂遍天涯,一航普济
地灵人杰,歌传水调,八音克谐
(湄洲祖庙)

四海恩波颂莆海
五洲香火祖湄洲
(湄洲祖庙)

螺港钟灵,奇女子救父寻兄,
惟孝悌亦惟忠信
■江著迹,真圣人扶危拯险
大慈悲即大英雄
(湄洲祖庙)

呵护航行,羽化千年长在望
仰瞻石像,神通两岸合言欢
此为虞愚教授为湄洲祖庙山新雕妈祖石像所撰书之联,款有“寄题莆田湄屿奉妈祖石雕像,用志景仰。丁卯五月,北山虞愚”。

闺中再毓娲皇圣
海内如歆大禹歌
(莆田文峰宫)此联林炳粦,道咸间宋际春(柘耕)极为赞赏。原联为木制,挂于宫门。

是处应知泉有圣
千年长颂海无波
(平海天后宫)清康熙统一台湾时,将军施琅帅水师三万驻平海候风,于宫前一井上留有“师泉”碣,并刻《师泉井记》于宫内,联语故云。

坎德布鸿庥,沃潮汐以淬梯航,澜安百谷
坤灵膺显号,时雨暘而登禾稼,泽被十闽
(平海天后宫)此联署“闽浙总督喀尔吉善”。喀字澹园,正黄旗满州人,乾隆十二年任闽浙总督。

正养锡飞泉,万人济师功台岛
坤灵奠平海,千年祖庙对湄洲
(平海天后宫)此联为清光绪七年兴化府知府沈定均撰。沈湖南益阳人,字倜堂,进士出身。

一勺泉甘,实济云屯万旅
半袍浪湿,克清日孽全台
(平海天后宫)此联为清光绪初莆田县知县鲍福康撰。“半袍浪湿”为施琅进军台湾后奏摺中语。

救你拯兄,显德实基孝悌
冽泉涌井,王师并壮神灵
(平海天后宫)此联原题“分县顾珏”撰,当为清光绪间莆田某巡检司。

采南涧蘋,奠于宗室
进东山酒,酌彼我姑
国典■褒崇,徽号冠九州显赫
家声原忠孝,华筵表两字馨香
泽国庆安澜,海晏河清,五凤衔书湄岛阙
阳侯今护跸,涛驱潮涌,六龙抱柱檐州堂
香挹五云车,驾省荔城,玉鼎金猊燃柳火
春添三月闰,骖停柱里,银鞍白马映桃花
为比干改换门装,崇德报功
庙宇祠堂传百代
继神禹疏通江洚,庇民护国
须眉巾帼各千秋
熙朝纶■■褒封,大矣哉,
乃圣乃神,配天立极
世德馨香邀降鉴,休焉者,
惟忠惟孝,率祖休行
清代莆田文峰宫每逢闰三月,例有“妈祖走娘家”之举,排銮驾出游全城,至北河赤柱忠孝堂(檐州祠中)驻驾,以上楹联皆清乾隆进士林炳粦撰。
湄屿敞华筵,寿旦进桃进酒,来阿母阿姑,
上座让江东梅妃,木兰钱媛
钧天陈水兵,当年入海入河,有师襄师挚。
中夜听吹箫秦女,鼓瑟湘灵
此联传为湄洲祖庙某年三月二十三日寿筵之联。
地控制瓯吴,看大江东去滔滔,与诸君涤
虑洗心,有如此水
神起家孝友,贯万古元精耿耿,望后世立
身行道,无愧斯人。
(福州马尾天后宫)

视远为明,知普渡众生,全凭慧眼
恩溺由已,愿永清四海,上慰婆心
(马尾天后宫“千里眼”殿)

恰当薄海同风,世上疴瘝都入听
幸有苍生请命,箇中消息总关心
(马尾天后宫“万里耳”殿)

以上三联为沈葆祯撰。沈字幼丹,福州人,清道光二十七年进士,官至两江总督,同治六年任部理船政大臣,创办马江船厂,卒谥文肃。沈曾奉旨巡视台湾,故台南天后宫亦挂沈氏此三联。

神力云帆济沧海
帝京香火似湄洲
(北京莆阳会馆天后神殿)此联为清同治十三年进士、翰林莆田人徐庆澜撰。北京莆阳会馆在贾家胡同。

傑构倚层霄,凤舞龙飞,八面窗櫺烟雨外
晴岚收四野,溪声树色,千家楼阁画图中
(永定西陂天后宫)

一派是西河,潺潺声杂管弦曲
七星朝北斗,叠叠影随曲武班
(西陂宫戏台联)

向四海经显通,千秋不朽
历数朝受封典,万古留芳
(广州天后宫)此联为民国初广东革命政府时期,孙中已先生和梁启超到天后宫游览时的梁氏手题。

海不扬波,稳渡星槎道迩
民皆乐业,遍歌母德因深
(广东省樟林天后宫)  

大德作舟航,直凌宇庙三千界
中流凭砥柱,不怕风波十二时
(广东省海丰天后)

孝友著璇宫,天生使独
声灵明镜海,后来其苏
(广东省吴川县天后宫)

耳目之官,相与辅助
舟车所至,莫不尊亲
(广东省汕头南澳天后宫)

击楫泝黄流,但求利济澄清,
不惜艰危凭造化
翔舷来翠羽,幸赖神灵呵护,
敢云忠信涉波涛
(天津天后宫)此联为盛宣怀撰,联旁有小字记其奉命视察黄河水灾,舟行遇大风,祷神护救,忽有翠鸟群绕帆桅,风浪随息,得庆生还云云。盛江苏武进人,字杏荪,号愚斋,以秀才从李鸿章兴办实业,官至邮传部尚书,为清末改良派实业家。
宠锡天章,德泽宏敷闽海
重新庙貌,威灵远振潭阳
(湖南芷江天后宫)该宫为福建会馆,建筑规模相当壮观。 

熙朝崇祀典,鲁晋闽平分一席
湄岛现慈航,江河海普护千艘
(烟台天后宫山门) 

地近蓬莱,海市仙山瀛客话
神来湄渚,绿榕丹荔故乡心
(正殿)

从八百英里航路通来,揭耳鼓闻韶,是真
邹鲁海滨,何分乐界
把二十世纪国魂唤起,放眼帘阅史,直等
衣冠优孟,同上舞台
(戏台)

乐奏钧天,潮汐声中喧岛屿
宫开碣石,笙歌队里彻蓬莱
(山东蓬莱阁天后宫戏台)

神为德其盛乎,呼吸回天登彼岸
臣何力之有也,忠诚若水证平生
(澎湖天后宫)此联为清册封琉球副使周煌撰。周四川涪陵人,字景垣,号海山,乾隆二年进士,官翰林侍讲。

启德被苍生,宫殿巍峨安艋■
天恩覃宝岛,香烟靉靆溯湄洲
(台北市龙山区万华启天后宫)万华旧称艋■、阁艋、莽甲。联以“启天”冠顶。

圣母普慈衷,海邦一体
斯人皆赤子,锡口咸宁
(台北松山区慈祐宫)此地为清乾隆间安溪移民地名锡口。

天惠遍施工■利
后恩广被雇渔亨
(基隆社寮岛天后宫)宫为基隆最古之庙。

赤嵌壮璇宫,奉英灵为海外砥柱
皇朝隆祀典,钦慈济本湄岛渊源
(赤嵌楼天后宫)

永护郡王宁神稷
长随圣母保平安
(台南市安平庆后宫)宫同祀延平郡王、水仙王、四海龙神和郑部将石将军,为明郑时期建。
 
银海不扬波,万众稳渡星槎远迩
同民皆乐业,举世遍歌母德渊源
(台南银同会馆妈祖殿)

中山护册,左海济师,数累朝赫濯声灵,
比洛女湘君,九天独显
莺岭环青,马渊涵碧看此处巍峨宫阙
与方壶员峤,一水相连
(宜兰庆元宫)

泽远八郊,声扬港澳
术驱二豎,德惠孤盆
此联为谢东闵题,谢彰化人。 
圣慈皎皎焕湄洲,风清月白
母德洋洋弥海甸,浪静波恬
(嘉义县新港奉天宫)

连祐遍里闾,林杞埔东崇汉腊
兴宁深岁月,郑公乡外靖胡尘
(南投县连兴宫)宫建于清乾隆二十一年,俗称妈祖庙,明郑将军领同安人林杞殉难地,故名林杞埔。

圣迹溯湄洲,蹑电飞昇,八百载神灵遍布
慈云庇台岛,安澜永庆,亿万家顶祝馨香
(云林北朝天宫)此联作者陈望曾,台南县人,清同治十三年进士、官广东布政使。

圣迹肇湄洲,浪静风平监永赫
天人同感应,慈光普照遍蓬瀛
(北港朝天宫)此联题为台湾“总统府资政”莫德惠撰。

凤舸灿神光,一片婆心扶泰运
龙津标圣迹,万年福曜镇安嘉
(琉球姑米山天后宫)此联为清乾隆二十四年册封琉球副使周煌撰。安嘉即姑米地名。周煌《琉球周志略》记:“是役触礁,神灯示现,且姑米为琉球门户,封贡海道往来标准,臣煌谨同臣魁(按:正使全魁)启国王,建新宫,崇极灵迹。中山王尚穆现在遴员鸠工,臣煌使族有日,恭制匾联各一。”

帆悬四海波涛静
泽被群生雨露新
(日本长崎兴福妈祖堂)寺为长崎三唐寺之一,俗名南京寺。 

湄屿灵昭千古迹
寿山崇祀万年春
(日本长崎崇福妈祖堂)寺为长崎三唐寺之一,俗称福州寺。联作者为福州籍日侨何绍迪。

圣德醍醐光昭海表
母仪显耀祥发万邦
(三巴旺天后宫)此联刻在新加坡三巴旺天后宫。

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媽祖 (韓寶儀主唱)

你咁有聽見 (韓寶儀主唱)

媽祖靈驗傳奇:

Mazu and Mazu Culture

Over 1,000 years ago, a beautiful young girl by the name of Lin Mu was born at the Xianliang Port of Meizhou Bay in Putian, Fujian Province. Clever, brave and kind-hearted, Lin Mu could forecast the weather and was happy to help fishermen in distress at sea. She encouraged the people to conquer nature and defeat evil, so she was much loved and esteemed by the people in her hometown. Unfortunately she died an early death at only 28. As the legend goes, she ascended to heaven and became an immortal at Meizhou Bay located opposite to the Xianliang Port.

For more over 1,000 years, she has been living, with a composed and tender smile, in the hearts of the people. The people pay homage to her, respectfully calling her fairy, the daughter of dragon, goddness, the mother or Mazu ( a title of respect for an aged woman): rulers of past dynasties upheld her and granted her the titles of "Lady", "Heavenly Queen" and "Holy Mother"; the times have bestowed her a series of loveable and respected names such as "Goddess of the Sea", "Goddness of the the Straits" and "Goddess of Peace of the Straits".
She is none other than the world-renowned Mazu, goddess of the sea, of Fujian, China.
The respect for Mazu has turned into a wide-spread belief with the passage of time. Following the footprints of sea merchants and overseas Chinese, Mazu went out of Putian, out of Fujian and out of China, making her presence in many corners of Asia, America, Australia and Europe. Consequently, over 1,500 Mazu temples are found all over the world, where Muzu from Meizhou are consecrated. The belief in Mazu has become a sort of transnational folk belief with more than 100 million worshippers. However, different from a religion in the ordinary sense, is a special kind of ideology connected with theology, religion, folklore, sociology as well as the history of sea commnication overseas Chinese, culture and the development of Fujian and Taiwan. This is the culture of Mazu which has aroused an extensive interest and great attention of Chinese and foreign scholars and is now under integral part of the culture of the Chinese nation and a part of the brilliant civilization of China.


In recent years, there are a number of academic groups, experts and scholars working on research of Mazu and published special works on the subject in Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao regions and in such countries as Japan, the United States, France, Singapore and Malaysia. The research on the Mazu culture has a great appeal and cohesive force to the Chinese both at home and abroad. Now the achievements in the research on the Mazu culture have become valuable material in the research on the history of navigation, science, overseas Chinese, development of off-shore islands and economic and cultural exchanges with foreign countries as well as the history of folklore and religion of ancient China.

在新加坡追寻天后圣母妈祖的足迹(Mazu @ Singapore)

以下是善信提供的资料,欢迎善信补充和指正,谢谢!

(虽然,有些地方已经消失在时间的洪流里,不复存在。大家还是希望将其记录在妈祖的足迹中。)

天福宫(Tian Hock Keng)158 Telok Ayer Street

粤海清庙 (Wak Hai Cheng Beo)30B Philip Street

海南会馆
琼州天后宫 (Hainan Hui Guan) 47 Beach Road

福州会馆 (Fu Zuo Clay Association)
21 Tyrwhitt Road

林氏大宗祠九龙堂家族自治会 239 Cantonment Road

新加坡潮州西河公会 285 River Valley Road

云峰天后庙 (Yun Feng Tian Hou Miao) 8a Ang Mo Kio Street 44

星洲金榜山亭天后宫 (Kampong San Teng Tien How Assn) 99 Sim Ming Ind Estate Sector B

保赤宫(陈氏宗祠)15 Magazine Rd

新加坡三和会馆 409 Jalan Besar

南洋莆田会馆 兴安天后宫 25 Geylang Road

木山圣母宫(Bak Sua Siah Boon Temple) 21 Bangkit Rd

圣母宫 Blk 95 Henderson Road

廣應宫 (Guang Ying Gong) Bt Purmei

金合发联谊社 (Jin He Fa Lian Yi She) Upp Hokkien Street

圣莲宫 (Sheng Lian Gong) Telok Blangah Cres

济正堂 (Ji Zeng Tang) Blk 159 Ang Mo Kio

西河别墅(Sai Ho Piat Su)777 Upp S'goon Rd

半港天后宫(Ban Kang )80 Rivervale Crescent Sengkang New Town

慈悲妈祖宫 (Ci Bei Ma Zu Gong) Blk 116 Pending Rd

后港万天府 (Wan Tian Fu) Blk 686 Hougang St 61

灵慈行宫(Ling Ci Xing Gong) 53 Truro Road

善德宫(Shun De Gong) Geylang Lor 29

天后庙 (Tian Hou Miao) Geylang Bahru

善兴坛 (Shan Xing Tan) 蔡厝港联合殿

钟头宫 (Zhong Tou Gong) 109C Hougang Ave 5


天德圣庙 (Tian De Sheng Miao)

吉山庙 (Ji Shan Miao)

紫云开吉宫 (Zi Yun Kai Ji Gong)

勇义宫 (Yong Yi Gong) 1116A Serangoon Rd

善莲堂 (Shang Lian Tang) 28 Admiralty Street

玉皇殿(Jade Emperor Temple ) Havelock Road

汕头社天后庙(Swatow Sia Mazu Temple)5 Geylang Lorong 40

新加坡宁阳会馆

林厝港阿妈宫

新加坡红灯码头电船公会

新加坡摩多船主联合会

星洲碳商公局

永春会馆

文山联谊社










网络里有很多可爱的卡通妈祖,称为Q版妈祖。这个妈祖是不是很可爱?(点击图像,有更多Q版妈祖)

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