星期日, 二月 08, 2015

转载:妈祖信仰在新加坡

妈祖信仰在新加坡


  妈祖信仰在新加坡的传播,几乎是与新加坡开埠同步,甚至可能来得更早。新加坡的天福宫,于1839年兴建至1842年底落成。天福宫的正殿是崇祀庇护航海的神灵天妃。据说在这之前,即1810年的嘉庆十五年,已有人在天福宫的原址设坛奉祀了。道光四年(1824年)新加坡宁阳会馆天后宫创建;道光二十年(1840年)新加坡福建会馆建成;咸丰七年(1857年)新加坡创建琼州会馆天后宫;1920年新加坡兴安会馆成立;1927年新加坡福德祠创建;1971年新加坡木山圣母宫创建。
  如今,华人占多数的新加坡,妈祖信仰在宗乡会馆的运作下,已融入社会的各个层面。据不完全统计,新加坡现有50多座妈祖宫庙,重要的有天福宫、粤海清庙、琼州会馆天后宫、兴安会馆天后宫、福州会馆天后宫、宁阳会馆天后宫、义顺西河公司天后宫、木山圣母宫、星洲金榜山亭天后会、林厝港亚妈宫、云峰天后宫、浮罗乌敏半港天后宫、后港联合庙天后宫、林氏大宗祠九龙宫等。其中最为出名的天福宫是1821年由华人船员们创建,1839年南洋诸地的华侨们集资从泉州运去各种构件的建筑材料进行扩大兴建的,他们视妈祖神像为“食德思根”的象征,以表达思念故土,不忘中华优秀文化之根。现该宫庙已被新加坡国家古迹保留局公布为第一批重点古迹之一。
  由于新加坡华侨华人对妈祖的虔诚崇信,因此妈祖信仰在促进新加坡华侨华人团结奋斗、创办公益慈善事业及寄托对祖籍国思念等方面都产生了重要影响。比如:粤海清庙虽是潮籍人士所创建, 但广东省各属人士均前往奉拜。早期每逢农历十一月间举行的一年一度妈祖游神活动,全新加坡的广、惠、肇、茶阳、嘉应、琼州人士均有参与此一盛事。于是,这一活动便为华侨华人提供了联络乡情、增进乡谊的机会,而妈祖庙也就成为他们沟通思想、交流感情的场所。而新加坡西河公司天后宫初建之时,除供奉妈祖外,也被当作华侨初到南洋投靠亲友的临时接待站,发挥公益慈善作用。
  新加坡的华侨觉得,大家能够平安地渡海南来,并且顺利在当地得到发展,全是得到妈祖的庇佑和帮助。新加坡福建会馆曾经创办了5所华侨学校,其中的一些办学经费,就来自于天福宫资助的香火钱。一些同乡会馆的章程里,还明确规定本帮华侨创办的妈祖庙里所积余的香火钱,要用于本帮华侨所创办的学校里。最后,对于妈祖信仰而言,通过双方互相结合,也能借助具有实体力量的同乡会组织,领导开展一些具体的工作,如聚合乡亲的力量兴建或扩建妈祖宫庙,或者加强对宫庙的日常经营和管理,这些都有利于妈祖信仰的传播。
  1986年新加坡兴安会馆与天后宫联合朝圣团抵湄洲谒祖朝拜。1998年12月13日,新加坡琼州天后宫主席王业裕率参拜团一行51人抵祖庙谒祖参拜。2006年9月5日,林金榜率团赴新加坡、马来西亚等14家妈祖庙宇开展联谊活动,并举行赠匾仪式等,与海外信众同胞联谊。   潘真进

##EasyReadMore##

媽祖 (韓寶儀主唱)

你咁有聽見 (韓寶儀主唱)

媽祖靈驗傳奇:

Mazu and Mazu Culture

Over 1,000 years ago, a beautiful young girl by the name of Lin Mu was born at the Xianliang Port of Meizhou Bay in Putian, Fujian Province. Clever, brave and kind-hearted, Lin Mu could forecast the weather and was happy to help fishermen in distress at sea. She encouraged the people to conquer nature and defeat evil, so she was much loved and esteemed by the people in her hometown. Unfortunately she died an early death at only 28. As the legend goes, she ascended to heaven and became an immortal at Meizhou Bay located opposite to the Xianliang Port.

For more over 1,000 years, she has been living, with a composed and tender smile, in the hearts of the people. The people pay homage to her, respectfully calling her fairy, the daughter of dragon, goddness, the mother or Mazu ( a title of respect for an aged woman): rulers of past dynasties upheld her and granted her the titles of "Lady", "Heavenly Queen" and "Holy Mother"; the times have bestowed her a series of loveable and respected names such as "Goddess of the Sea", "Goddness of the the Straits" and "Goddess of Peace of the Straits".
She is none other than the world-renowned Mazu, goddess of the sea, of Fujian, China.
The respect for Mazu has turned into a wide-spread belief with the passage of time. Following the footprints of sea merchants and overseas Chinese, Mazu went out of Putian, out of Fujian and out of China, making her presence in many corners of Asia, America, Australia and Europe. Consequently, over 1,500 Mazu temples are found all over the world, where Muzu from Meizhou are consecrated. The belief in Mazu has become a sort of transnational folk belief with more than 100 million worshippers. However, different from a religion in the ordinary sense, is a special kind of ideology connected with theology, religion, folklore, sociology as well as the history of sea commnication overseas Chinese, culture and the development of Fujian and Taiwan. This is the culture of Mazu which has aroused an extensive interest and great attention of Chinese and foreign scholars and is now under integral part of the culture of the Chinese nation and a part of the brilliant civilization of China.


In recent years, there are a number of academic groups, experts and scholars working on research of Mazu and published special works on the subject in Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao regions and in such countries as Japan, the United States, France, Singapore and Malaysia. The research on the Mazu culture has a great appeal and cohesive force to the Chinese both at home and abroad. Now the achievements in the research on the Mazu culture have become valuable material in the research on the history of navigation, science, overseas Chinese, development of off-shore islands and economic and cultural exchanges with foreign countries as well as the history of folklore and religion of ancient China.

在新加坡追寻天后圣母妈祖的足迹(Mazu @ Singapore)

以下是善信提供的资料,欢迎善信补充和指正,谢谢!

(虽然,有些地方已经消失在时间的洪流里,不复存在。大家还是希望将其记录在妈祖的足迹中。)

天福宫(Tian Hock Keng)158 Telok Ayer Street

粤海清庙 (Wak Hai Cheng Beo)30B Philip Street

海南会馆
琼州天后宫 (Hainan Hui Guan) 47 Beach Road

福州会馆 (Fu Zuo Clay Association)
21 Tyrwhitt Road

林氏大宗祠九龙堂家族自治会 239 Cantonment Road

新加坡潮州西河公会 285 River Valley Road

云峰天后庙 (Yun Feng Tian Hou Miao) 8a Ang Mo Kio Street 44

星洲金榜山亭天后宫 (Kampong San Teng Tien How Assn) 99 Sim Ming Ind Estate Sector B

保赤宫(陈氏宗祠)15 Magazine Rd

新加坡三和会馆 409 Jalan Besar

南洋莆田会馆 兴安天后宫 25 Geylang Road

木山圣母宫(Bak Sua Siah Boon Temple) 21 Bangkit Rd

圣母宫 Blk 95 Henderson Road

廣應宫 (Guang Ying Gong) Bt Purmei

金合发联谊社 (Jin He Fa Lian Yi She) Upp Hokkien Street

圣莲宫 (Sheng Lian Gong) Telok Blangah Cres

济正堂 (Ji Zeng Tang) Blk 159 Ang Mo Kio

西河别墅(Sai Ho Piat Su)777 Upp S'goon Rd

半港天后宫(Ban Kang )80 Rivervale Crescent Sengkang New Town

慈悲妈祖宫 (Ci Bei Ma Zu Gong) Blk 116 Pending Rd

后港万天府 (Wan Tian Fu) Blk 686 Hougang St 61

灵慈行宫(Ling Ci Xing Gong) 53 Truro Road

善德宫(Shun De Gong) Geylang Lor 29

天后庙 (Tian Hou Miao) Geylang Bahru

善兴坛 (Shan Xing Tan) 蔡厝港联合殿

钟头宫 (Zhong Tou Gong) 109C Hougang Ave 5


天德圣庙 (Tian De Sheng Miao)

吉山庙 (Ji Shan Miao)

紫云开吉宫 (Zi Yun Kai Ji Gong)

勇义宫 (Yong Yi Gong) 1116A Serangoon Rd

善莲堂 (Shang Lian Tang) 28 Admiralty Street

玉皇殿(Jade Emperor Temple ) Havelock Road

汕头社天后庙(Swatow Sia Mazu Temple)5 Geylang Lorong 40

新加坡宁阳会馆

林厝港阿妈宫

新加坡红灯码头电船公会

新加坡摩多船主联合会

星洲碳商公局

永春会馆

文山联谊社










网络里有很多可爱的卡通妈祖,称为Q版妈祖。这个妈祖是不是很可爱?(点击图像,有更多Q版妈祖)

妈祖论坛

新华网-妈祖在线

妈祖灵签 有求必应 心诚则灵

妈祖灵签 有求必应 心诚则灵
点击图像,网上求签。

湄州在线

白沙屯妈祖链接

妈祖城网

湄州岛

南海妈祖链接