星期三, 一月 31, 2007

天后圣母妈祖历代诏封


整理天后圣母妈祖的历代诏封委实不容易,找资料不够,左拼右凑,囫囵吞枣,错漏之处,希望见谅和指正。

宋朝 Song Dynasty
1123 宋徽宗宣和 5年
1155 宋高宗绍兴25年 敕封“崇福夫人”
1156 宋高宗绍兴26年 敕封“灵惠夫人”
1157 宋高宗绍兴27年 敕封“灵惠昭应夫人”
1183 宋孝宗淳熙10年 敕封“灵慈昭应崇善福利夫人”
1190 宋光宗绍熙元年 敕封“灵惠妃”
1198 宋宁宗庆元 4年 敕封“助顺灵惠妃”封天后之父为“祯庆候”“威灵候”“灵应嘉佑候”,母王氏为“显庆夫人”,兄林洪毅为“灵应仙官”,五个姐姐为“慈惠夫人”
1205 宋理宗开熙元年 敕封“显卫助顺灵惠妃”
1208 宋理宗嘉定元年 敕封“护国助顺嘉应英烈妃”
1253 宋理宗宝祐元年 敕封“灵惠助顺嘉应英烈协正妃”
1255 宋理宗宝祐 3年 敕封“灵惠助顺嘉应慈济妃”
1256 宋理宗宝祐 4年 敕封“灵惠协正嘉应善庆妃”
1259 宋理宗开庆元年

元朝 Yuan Dynasty
1281 元世祖至元18年 敕封“护国明著天妃”
1289 元世祖至元26年 敕封“显佑护国明著天妃”
1299 元成宗大德 3年 敕封“輔圣庇民显佑护国明著天妃”
1314 元仁宗延祐元年 敕封“广济輔圣庇民显佑护国明著天妃”
1329 元文宗天历 2年 敕封“护国輔圣庇民显佑广济灵感助顺福惠徽烈明著天妃”派员沿海建庙18处
1333 元文宗至顺元年 赐庙额“灵慈”

明朝 Ming Dynasty
1372 明太祖洪武 5年 敕封“昭孝纯正孚济感应圣妃”
1407 明成祖永乐 5年 郑和第一次下西洋归来奏圣,建庙于都城之外,龙江之上。
1409 明成祖永乐 7年 敕封“护国庇民妙灵昭应弘仁普济天妃”
1412 明成祖永乐10年 郑和六下西洋归来奏圣,在长乐县建造南山天妃宫
1416 明成祖永乐14年 郑和七下西洋归来奏圣,在京师石头城大兴土木建造天妃宫
1431 明宣宗宣德 6年 郑和大规模整修天妃宫
1628 明毅宗崇祯元年 敕封“天仙圣母青灵普化碧霞元君”
1640 明毅宗崇祯13年 敕封“青贤普化感应碧霞元君”

清朝 Qing Dynasty
1680 清圣祖康熙19年 敕封“天上圣母护国庇民妙灵昭应弘仁普济天妃”
1684 清圣祖康熙23年 敕封“天上圣母护国庇民妙灵昭应仁慈天后”
1719 清圣祖康熙58年 奏准列入祀典
1726 清世宗雍正 4年 获圣旨颁“神昭海表”御书匾额於湄州、厦门、安平
1733 清世宗雍正11年 获圣旨颁“锡福安澜”御书匾额於福南台,并令江海各省致祭
1737 清高宗乾隆 2年 敕封“护国庇民妙灵昭应弘仁普济护佑群生天后”
1757 清高宗乾隆22年 敕封“护国庇民妙灵昭应弘仁普济护佑群生诚感咸孚天后”
1788 清高宗乾隆54年 敕封“显神赞明诚感咸孚护国庇民妙灵昭应弘仁普济护佑群生天后”
1806 清仁宗嘉庆11年 护佑海战,获亲旨沿海各处天后宫祀谢
1809 清仁宗嘉庆14年 获圣旨命福建总督於天后宫祀谢,以迓袖庥
1814 清仁宗嘉庆15年 敕封“护国庇民妙灵昭应弘仁普济护佑群生诚感咸孚显神赞顺垂慈笃佑天后”
1826 清宣宗道光 6年 获圣旨颁“安澜利运”匾额
1839 清宣宗道光19年 敕封“护国庇民妙灵昭应弘仁普济天上圣母”,获颁“泽潭海宇”匾额
1855 清文宗咸丰 5年 敕封“护国庇民妙灵昭应弘仁普济护佑群生诚感咸孚显神赞顺垂慈笃佑安澜利运泽运泽覃海宇恬波宣惠导流衍庆靖洋锡祉恩周德普卫渍保泰振绥疆天后之神”
1859 清文宗咸丰 9年 获颁“恬波利运”匾额
1871 清穆宗同治11年 敕封“嘉佑护国庇民妙灵昭应弘仁普济护佑群生诚感咸孚显神赞顺垂慈笃佑安澜利运泽运泽覃海宇恬波宣惠导流衍庆靖洋锡祉恩周德普卫渍保泰振绥疆天后之神”
1875 清德宗光绪元年 敕封“敷仁嘉佑护国庇民妙灵昭应弘仁普济护佑群生诚感咸孚显神赞顺垂慈笃佑安澜利运泽运泽覃海宇恬波宣惠导流衍庆靖洋锡祉恩周德普卫渍保泰振绥疆天后之神”

中华民国 Republic of China
1987 和平女神 海峡和平女神

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媽祖 (韓寶儀主唱)

你咁有聽見 (韓寶儀主唱)

媽祖靈驗傳奇:

Mazu and Mazu Culture

Over 1,000 years ago, a beautiful young girl by the name of Lin Mu was born at the Xianliang Port of Meizhou Bay in Putian, Fujian Province. Clever, brave and kind-hearted, Lin Mu could forecast the weather and was happy to help fishermen in distress at sea. She encouraged the people to conquer nature and defeat evil, so she was much loved and esteemed by the people in her hometown. Unfortunately she died an early death at only 28. As the legend goes, she ascended to heaven and became an immortal at Meizhou Bay located opposite to the Xianliang Port.

For more over 1,000 years, she has been living, with a composed and tender smile, in the hearts of the people. The people pay homage to her, respectfully calling her fairy, the daughter of dragon, goddness, the mother or Mazu ( a title of respect for an aged woman): rulers of past dynasties upheld her and granted her the titles of "Lady", "Heavenly Queen" and "Holy Mother"; the times have bestowed her a series of loveable and respected names such as "Goddess of the Sea", "Goddness of the the Straits" and "Goddess of Peace of the Straits".
She is none other than the world-renowned Mazu, goddess of the sea, of Fujian, China.
The respect for Mazu has turned into a wide-spread belief with the passage of time. Following the footprints of sea merchants and overseas Chinese, Mazu went out of Putian, out of Fujian and out of China, making her presence in many corners of Asia, America, Australia and Europe. Consequently, over 1,500 Mazu temples are found all over the world, where Muzu from Meizhou are consecrated. The belief in Mazu has become a sort of transnational folk belief with more than 100 million worshippers. However, different from a religion in the ordinary sense, is a special kind of ideology connected with theology, religion, folklore, sociology as well as the history of sea commnication overseas Chinese, culture and the development of Fujian and Taiwan. This is the culture of Mazu which has aroused an extensive interest and great attention of Chinese and foreign scholars and is now under integral part of the culture of the Chinese nation and a part of the brilliant civilization of China.


In recent years, there are a number of academic groups, experts and scholars working on research of Mazu and published special works on the subject in Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao regions and in such countries as Japan, the United States, France, Singapore and Malaysia. The research on the Mazu culture has a great appeal and cohesive force to the Chinese both at home and abroad. Now the achievements in the research on the Mazu culture have become valuable material in the research on the history of navigation, science, overseas Chinese, development of off-shore islands and economic and cultural exchanges with foreign countries as well as the history of folklore and religion of ancient China.

在新加坡追寻天后圣母妈祖的足迹(Mazu @ Singapore)

以下是善信提供的资料,欢迎善信补充和指正,谢谢!

(虽然,有些地方已经消失在时间的洪流里,不复存在。大家还是希望将其记录在妈祖的足迹中。)

天福宫(Tian Hock Keng)158 Telok Ayer Street

粤海清庙 (Wak Hai Cheng Beo)30B Philip Street

海南会馆
琼州天后宫 (Hainan Hui Guan) 47 Beach Road

福州会馆 (Fu Zuo Clay Association)
21 Tyrwhitt Road

林氏大宗祠九龙堂家族自治会 239 Cantonment Road

新加坡潮州西河公会 285 River Valley Road

云峰天后庙 (Yun Feng Tian Hou Miao) 8a Ang Mo Kio Street 44

星洲金榜山亭天后宫 (Kampong San Teng Tien How Assn) 99 Sim Ming Ind Estate Sector B

保赤宫(陈氏宗祠)15 Magazine Rd

新加坡三和会馆 409 Jalan Besar

南洋莆田会馆 兴安天后宫 25 Geylang Road

木山圣母宫(Bak Sua Siah Boon Temple) 21 Bangkit Rd

圣母宫 Blk 95 Henderson Road

廣應宫 (Guang Ying Gong) Bt Purmei

金合发联谊社 (Jin He Fa Lian Yi She) Upp Hokkien Street

圣莲宫 (Sheng Lian Gong) Telok Blangah Cres

济正堂 (Ji Zeng Tang) Blk 159 Ang Mo Kio

西河别墅(Sai Ho Piat Su)777 Upp S'goon Rd

半港天后宫(Ban Kang )80 Rivervale Crescent Sengkang New Town

慈悲妈祖宫 (Ci Bei Ma Zu Gong) Blk 116 Pending Rd

后港万天府 (Wan Tian Fu) Blk 686 Hougang St 61

灵慈行宫(Ling Ci Xing Gong) 53 Truro Road

善德宫(Shun De Gong) Geylang Lor 29

天后庙 (Tian Hou Miao) Geylang Bahru

善兴坛 (Shan Xing Tan) 蔡厝港联合殿

钟头宫 (Zhong Tou Gong) 109C Hougang Ave 5


天德圣庙 (Tian De Sheng Miao)

吉山庙 (Ji Shan Miao)

紫云开吉宫 (Zi Yun Kai Ji Gong)

勇义宫 (Yong Yi Gong) 1116A Serangoon Rd

善莲堂 (Shang Lian Tang) 28 Admiralty Street

玉皇殿(Jade Emperor Temple ) Havelock Road

汕头社天后庙(Swatow Sia Mazu Temple)5 Geylang Lorong 40

新加坡宁阳会馆

林厝港阿妈宫

新加坡红灯码头电船公会

新加坡摩多船主联合会

星洲碳商公局

永春会馆

文山联谊社










网络里有很多可爱的卡通妈祖,称为Q版妈祖。这个妈祖是不是很可爱?(点击图像,有更多Q版妈祖)

妈祖论坛

新华网-妈祖在线

妈祖灵签 有求必应 心诚则灵

妈祖灵签 有求必应 心诚则灵
点击图像,网上求签。

湄州在线

白沙屯妈祖链接

妈祖城网

湄州岛

南海妈祖链接